Agriculture & Food in India
India is the seventh largest country in the world with an area of about 329 million hectares. It
agro-ecological zones that enable production of wide range of crops like cereals, pulses,
fruits, vegetables, spices &
condiments, fiber, plantation crops, flowers, etc. India, known as the home of spices and given
their exquisite aroma, taste and medicinal value, has a large demand of spices globally.
Agriculture and allied sectors play a vital role in India’s economy as more than half of the
total workforce is engaged in these sectors that account for about 18 percent of the country’s Gross Value Added
is the largest producer of milk, jute and pulses, and second largest producer of rice, wheat,
groundnut, sugarcane, tea and
fruits & vegetables.
India exports an extensive range of products like rice (including the popular Basmati rice),
fresh fruits & vegetables,
buffalo meat, marine products etc.